‘What do they know of cricket who only cricket know?’ CLR James
‘A large proportion of Britain’s Asian population fail to pass the cricket test. Which side do they cheer for? It’s an interesting test. Are you still harking back to where you came from or where you are?’ Norman Tebbit
From England to India and the Caribbean, cricket more than any other sport has been associated with politics and national identity. Norman Tebbit’s infamous ‘cricket test’ of loyalty for immigrants to the UK, is one of the most high profile examples of the mixing of cricket and identity. Why has cricket been so tied in with politics and identity?
During the heyday of the British Empire, cricket was the unquestioned national sport at home, while Lord Harris in India and other colonialists sought to use cricket to inculcate the values of Empire in native populations. This became a double-edged sword, as the colonial subjects improved at the sport and often beat the English on the cricket pitch, which was emblematic of their struggle against colonial rule. When the great West Indian teams of the 1970s and 1980s trounced the country that had given them the game, it signified the transformed relationship between the respective nations. Meanwhile Britons of Asian descent tended to support the countries of the subcontinent rather than England, to the consternation of Norman Tebbit.
Today, cricket has lost out to football as England’s national sport, and power is fast shifting from Melbourne and Lords to Kolkata and Mumbai, as the new Indian Premier League attracts the world’s great players. Does this reflect broader changes in the fortunes of nations, or is it a purely sporting phenomenon? Is cricket still an ‘English’ game? What is the future for cricket in the 21st century?
|Dr Debanjan Chakrabarti
head, Intercultural Dialogue Programme, British Council, India; obsessive cricketer
director, Cricket Foundation and Chance to Shine campaign.
assistant comment editor, The Times
sports columnist, spiked; Crystal Palace fan
director, membership and events, Academy of Ideas; convenor, IoI Book Club; IoI’s resident expert in all sporting matters
With yet another India-Australia series upon us, it is perhaps apt to look back at how cricket helps us explore Indo-Australian relations for over a century. This is because cricket was and remains a cultural form adopted and adapted by both nations, in order to fulfil social, political and economic aspirations and imperatives.Boria Majumdar, espnstar.com, 5 October 2008
Australian fast-bowler Jason Gillespie arrived at new county Glamorgan with a blunt message for cricket's rulers over the vexed Indian leagues issue.BBC News, 17 April 2008
Part memoir of a West Indian boyhood, part passionate celebration and defence of cricket as an art form, part indictment of colonialism, Beyond a Boundary addresses not just a sport but a whole culture and asks the question, 'What do they know of cricket who only cricket know?'
C.L.R. James, Yellow Jersey Press, 7 July 2005
"IT's only a game," said Sourav Ganguly before the big game against Pakistan. "It's only a game," said Rahul Dravid. "It's only a game," said Waqar Younis and Wasim Akram from the other side of the fence. When so many people feel the need to say it's only a game, it means only one thing: it's not only a game.Anil Dharker, The Hindu, 16 March 2003