Ruth Cigman wrote a doctoral thesis for Cambridge University on the meaning of music. This took her into the quagmire of human emotion, and she never quite escaped. She has written numerous articles on ethics, moral psychology, special education, medical education and well-being. As editor for Impact, a pamphlet series on philosophy and educational policy, she commissioned Baroness Warnock’s landmark 2005 paper, and published a follow-up book on the debate. Current research interests revolve around the questions: what is it to live well? What is it to respect others? How best can we raise and educate children? Ruth is working on a book that draws these questions together in a new ethic of well-being. She also works for a small charity, teaching philosophy to young asylum seekers and refugees.