Rosemary Hollis is Professor of Middle East Policy Studies and Director of the Olive Tree Scholarship Programme at City University (see: www.city.ac.uk/olive-tree ). Her research and publications focus on British, European and US policies in relation to the Middle East as well as conflict and security issues in the region. From 2005-08 she was Director of Research at Chatham House, having completed ten years as Head of the Middle East Programme there (1995-2005), and five years in a similar post at the Royal United Services Institute for Defence Studies (RUSI). During the 1980s she was a lecturer in Political Science at George Washington University in Washington, DC, where she also attained her PhD in Political Science. She has a BA in History and an MA in War Studies from the University of London, King’s College.