Much has been made recently of the putative return of religion as a force in politics, but it is striking that ‘faith-based’ politics are often about religion as an identity rather than a set of ideas or practices. Arguably, the term ‘Muslim’ has simply replaced ‘Asian’ as the preferred term for Britons of Pakistani and Bangladeshi origin. Rather than the return of religion, are we seeing the consolidation of identity politics?
Throughout the West, people with different ethnic and cultural heritages increasingly live side by side. One response to this phenomenon has been multiculturalism, which celebrates the differences between people who share the same public space. But recently critics have argued that this encourages minorities to feel a sense of distinction from other citizens, and separation from mainstream politics. Increasingly people seem to engage with the democratic process, and assert their rights, as members of a minority group rather than as individual citizens. What does the struggle between competitive identities say about the state of politics in the West today? Could this undermine the possibility of universal values and equal citizenship?
writer and broadcaster; author, The Quest for a Moral Compass: A Global History of Ethics and From Fatwa to Jihad
professor of political theory and head, department of government, LSE; author, Liberalism; editor, Multiculturalism Reconsidered and British Political Theory in the Twentieth Century
advisor on arts and philanthropy; former deputy mayor of London for education and culture; author, The Politics of Culture: the case for universalism
|Amol Rajan columnist, Independent titles; advisor to Evgeny Lebedev; author, Twirlymen: the unlikely history of cricket’s greatest spin doctors|
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